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I’m Dr. Judy Bowie, a heart surgeonat Mayo Clinic. In this video, we’ll cover the basics ofbreast cancer. What is it? Who gets it? The manifestations, diagnosis, and management. Whether you’re lookingfor answers for yourself orsomeone you enjoy, we’re here to give you the best informationavailable. Breast cancer is a relatively commontype of cancer. In actuality, it is themost common cancer worldwide and themost common cancer diagnosed in the US. Currently, roughly 4million women in the U.S. alone are diagnosedwith breast cancer. However, this doesn’t make a diagnosis easier. But it does planned agreat deal of research and effort is beingput towards ending it. And it’s working. Survival proportions continue to go up as treatments get better and more tailor-made toeach patient. Just like any cancer, breast cancer resultsfrom DNA mutations. They instruct your cadres to grow out of control. In such cases, it targets cells inthe tit material. And there’s nosingle thing that causes theseDNA mutations. There are a wide setof risk factors.Having more ofthese determining factor can increase your chances of developingbreast cancer. More than anything, your risk is increasedby being female. That doesn’t meanmen don’t get it. Actually, guys account for about 1% of all cases. Another ingredient is age. The older you get, the more likely a breast cancer diagnosis becomes. A biography of breast cancerincreases your risk, very. That includes your ownpersonal history if you’ve had it before andyour family history. If breast cancer is common in your family tree, you are likely at increased risk ofdeveloping it.Scientists haveidentified several genes that if inheritedare more likely to cause breast cancer.There are many. But the most commonand well-studied are BRCA1 and BRCA2. While they don’t spawn breast cancer a certainty, your chances ofdeveloping it are much higher with theseparticular mutations. Beyond that, radiation exposure at any point in your life increases your riskof breast cancer, as does having children at what is scientifically considered an older age. Starting menopauseat an older age and takingpost-menopausal hormones. And there are things thatcan decrease your risk. Self breast awareness is one. Make note of any changes you notice in your tits. Ladies age 40 and older should getyearly mammograms.Early detection is really your best defense. Located on your other personalrisk factors, you may want to consultwith your doctor about starting ateven a younger age. Limit alcohol. While not drinking lowers the health risks. the most, drinking in moderation lowers your risk, more. Stay physically active and try to maintaina healthy weight. You can talkto your doctor if you struggle with this.In some instances, post-menopausal hormones are necessary andcan’t be avoided. But be aware thatthey do seem to play a role inbreast cancer gamble. And if you give birth, breastfeeding may reduce your chances of developing breastcancer in the future. Things to keep an eyeout for that might be mansions include clods or thickening in your heart, changes in the size orshape of your tit, changes in yourbreast skin or a new inversion of yournipple, rind, scaling or flaking of the areola and redness or pitting of the surface over your heart that appears various kinds of like an orange. Most importantly, because these things may or may not be cancer. be sure to checkwith your doctor if you notice anyof these signals. If you believe you mighthave breast cancer, how do you find out? Doctors usephysical exams, mammograms, ultrasounds, MRIs, and needle biopsies to determine ifcancer is present.If that’s the case, you and your doctor will need to discusstreatment options. Like any other cancer, breast cancer requires a smart and strategicapproach. Your treatmentplan depends on what you’re up against. Maybe the immensity and thestage of the cancer. What sort is it? Is it sensitiveto hormones? Many questions haveto be answered before you andyour care unit can introduce a plan together. Surgery is not alwaysthe first step. Frequently, medicaltherapy, such as endocrine therapyor chemotherapy will be recommended first to decrease the size of the tumor inthe heart or weaken the diseasein the lymph nodes.And, importantly, to evaluate the response of thecancer to the treatment, as this can becritical information to guide furthertreatment after surgery. But surgery is often indicated as partof the medication. And that can mean merely removing the breast lump or sometimesremoving the entire breast or both breasts. And usuallyinvolves removal of some lymph nodesfrom under your armpit on that side. Whether or not you’ve got any treatmentbefore surgery, you may need treatmentafter surgery.This could involveradiation and medical therapies such as endocrine therapyand chemotherapy. If the disease has spread beyond the breastand lymph nodes, surgery is frequently not recommended andmedical care is the main courseof treatment. Radiation utilizes radiations of energy to target and kill cancer cells and foreclose cancer recurrencein that area. Chemotherapy usespowerful medicines to kill the cancers. Some cancers aresensitive to hormones and can be treated with adifferent positioned of drugs. Hormone therapy has its own set of side effects. Your doctor will be ableto guide you through best options for yourspecific cancer type. And then there’simmunotherapy. Cancer cells blind your body’s naturaldefense systems. Immunotherapy pullsoff those blinders so your body’snatural justifications can do their job and zeroin on their target.All of these treatmentshave side effects. Leading throughthese measures that will ultimately heal you can be really hard. But there are waysto deal with that, more. Pain management and other palliative care can help you dealwith all these required butdifficult handles. This can all feeloverwhelming. A breast cancerdiagnosis is a complicatedand scary topic. So keep your friendsand family close. Rely on them for practical andemotional support. Find someone to talkwith, maybe a friend, relative, clergy representative, or medical social worker. And a patronize group canbe really helpful to connect withothers who have been down thisroad before. The outlook onbreast cancer has improved uncommonly. Research andscientific advancement have made thisdisease a awfully treatable one, with brand-new and constantlyimproving cares and professional attention, there is plenty of hope.If you’d liketo learn even more about breast cancer, watch our otherrelated videos or visit Mayo Clinic.org.We wish you well ..